Civil Aviation and Military Aviation: A Synopsis
Aviation across the globe can broadly be classified in two categories: military and civil.
Military aviation involves aircrafts and other flying machines that are used towards the purpose of conducting aerial warfare. This involves use of fighter aircrafts, gliders, helicopters, torpedo bombers, missiles, etc. Military aviation also includes national airliftand transportation of supplies to military camps, army base and other places as required for their smooth functioning.
Civil aviation, as the name suggests, represents flying for civilian purposes and includes both commercial and private aircrafts. Civil aviation is bound by the common standards and recommended practices for civil aviation adopted by the International Civil Aviation Organization, which are followed by its members (airlines) to maintain safety and order.
Aviation in India
It has been more than a century since India operated its first civil aircraft from Allahabad to Naini in 2011. Since then, the sector has grown at an unprecedented rate and holds good its promise for a radiant future. India’s civil aviation is marching ahead and is expected to grab the third rank in the global aviation space by 2020,with Bangalore radically contributing to 65% of the total nation share on the manufacturing front.
On the military aviation side, India is estimated to have about 1820 aircrafts (as per Flightglobal). The total strength of active military personnel in the Indian air force (as mentioned in a 2010 publication by International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS)) stands at 1, 27,000. Higher emphasis is being paid to strengthen the sector and enormous investments are being made to acquire more and better enabled fleet of aircrafts. Heavy investments are also being made to develop and adopt latest technologiesand reinforce our air force.
Career in Aviation
Centre for Asia Pacific Aviation (CAPA), an aviation consulting firm quotes that Indian aviation provides about 2.20 lakhs direct jobs and lakhs of indirect jobs. A study conducted by Ministry of Civil Aviation estimates creation of about 4 million jobs in domestic aviation by 2035. The Economic Survey of 2016-17 points out that “Civil aviation is a potential sector in the country which can be a sunrise sector of growth. Our country has favourable conditions which are highly conducive for the sector’s growth.” The Indian military aviation shall also witness a significant growth and foster prestigious careers to young aspirants with relevant courses, skills and training.
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